It is true that all windows are used to let in light and provide some ventilation, but beyond these common functions, windows can vary in many ways. That is why we have different types of windows for different purposes.
There are various types of windows, so some window types are easier to open, some are ideal for broad views, and some are great for airflow.
Different windows also can have very different looks to fit with a building’s interior design or decorative style.
Regardless of whether you are renovating your home or building a new one, there are a wide range of window alternatives to know about.
In this article, we will provide you with a list of different window types to make the decision easier for you.
Types of windows
Basically, windows are either operable (can open) or fixed (can’t be opened).
There is at least one sash — a sheet of glass and a framework of vertical stiles and horizontal rails — in a window. Glazing can refer to either the glass in a window or the process of securing the glass into the framework. The window frame consists of the head, jamb, side jamb and sill.
Each type of window has specific features and characteristics. In addition to appearance of the window, consider their function, whether or not you want to open them and the amount of light they let in. Also think about how you’ll clean and maintain them.
Here are the main types of windows you might want to consider.
Double-hung windows have operable upper and lower sashes and they offer a classic look.
In a Double-hung window, both the bottom and upper panels move up and down. Lowering the top sash and raising the lower sash can allow warmer air near the ceiling to move out through the top, while cooler air can flow in through the bottom.
The main advantage of double-hung windows is somewhat better ventilation. With both sashes opened about halfway, air naturally flows in through the lower opening and out through the upper opening.
Double-hung windows are also easier to clean as you can reach both inside and outside of the window from inside.
Another types of windows which is very common is single-hung windows.
Single-hung windows look similar to double-hung models, but only the lower sash is operable. Single hung windows usually have a bottom panel that moves up and down, while the upper half remains stationary.
Casement windows open out and usually pivot from side hinges.
Many casements have fairly large glass panes to provide ample light. This type of windows are hinged on one end and pivot out for ventilation at the other end. They’re easy to open and provide good air flow. Because of their opening function, they can be a solid piece of glass, providing an unobstructed view.
When closed and locked, casement windows can make a very effective seal for improved energy performance.
Sliding windows have one or more panels that move horizontally along upper and lower tracks, allowing you to easily open up half of the window for ventilation.
Like casements, they can offer clear views and ample ventilation, but they cannot be sealed as tightly as casements.
Sliders are quite simple, having no mechanical parts (other than a lock), and usually very basic seals and no tension mechanism. This simplicity often makes them the least expensive type of window.
Picture windows are one of the types of windows that do not open, so they are best in areas where airflow is not important.
They are often large glass expanses occupying the center portion of a wall to provide broad views and ample sunlight.
So in general, picture windows are fixed models designed to offer wide, unobstructed views and provide lots of light. If your backyard or view is worth displaying, a picture window gives a beautiful view.
Bay windows are an excellent resource for architects to create angles and projections on a building structure. Bay windows allow light to enter at different angles, and most bays include side windows that can be opened for airflow.
Bay windows usually include three to four windows that are angled at 30-50 degrees to create an angled seat. These windows provide a beautiful view and the opportunity for a cozy window seat.
Jalousie windows are inexpensive solutions for warm-weather areas, particularly where air conditioning is not needed. Jalousies consist of glass slats set in metal clips that can be opened and closed in unison, like louvers.
This unique windows style uses many slats of metal or glass to create a window that opens like a set of blinds. If you like windows that help your house connect more to the outside, this may be good option for you.
Glass block windows
Glass block windows are constructed from individual blocks sealed together with mortar. The thick, break-resistant glass provides privacy but still allows light into your home. Glass block windows are fixed, but some have a built-in vent you can tilt open.
Hopper windows are hinged on the bottom and open from the top. They are efficient in a compact space; they’re often found in a basement or bathroom. Hoppers can help provide insulation because of their seal up again their frame when closed.
Where to get best windows in London?
If you are looking for best uPVC windows in London or any other types of windows mentioned above, you can rely on AntiqueGlass Ltd glass shop as your local supplier for high quality windows and doors.
Our expert staff are ready to give you advice on the best types of windows for your home and assist you all through the replacement and installation process. Give us a call now for a free quote.